LAMP架构应用实战——PHP环境安装配置

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原文链接:blog.ouyangsihai.cn >> LAMP架构应用实战——PHP环境安装配置

LAMP架构应用实战——PHP服务

PHP的安装依赖于前面的Apache和MySQL

一:安装环境准备

因些首先服务器上查看下是否安装以上两种服务

1、检查安装路径

[root@Centos /]# ls -ld /application/apache

lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 25 Sep 12 03:44 /application/apache - /application/apache2.4.23

[root@Centos /]# ls -ld /application/mysql-5.1.72

drwxr-xr-x. 11 mysql mysql 4096 Sep 19 09:16 /application/mysql-5.1.72

2、查看服务是否启动

[root@Centos extra]# chkconfig –list|grep httpd

httpd  0:off  1:off  2:off  3:on  4:on 5:on 6:off

[root@Centos extra]# chkconfig –list|grep mysql

mysqld  0:off 1:off  2:on  3:on 4:on 5:on 6:off

3、查看端口

[root@Centos extra]# netstat -lnt|egrep “3306|80” 

tcp  0  0 0.0.0.0:3306   0.0.0.0:*     LISTEN

tcp  0  0 :::80                :::*              LISTEN

二:安装配置所需的库文件

1、检查安装PHP所需要LIB库

[root@Centos tools]# rpm -qa Zlib-devel libxml2-evel libjpeg-devel freetype-devel libpng-devel          

#没有显示表明系统没有安装相应的软件包

通过下面的命令进行安装

[root@Centos tools]# yum groupinstall “x software development”

同样也可以通过下面的命令安装

[root@Centos tools]# yum install zlib libxml libjpeg freetype libpng gd curl libiconv Zlib-devel libxml2-evel libjpeg-devel freetype-devel libpng-devel gd-devel curl-devel -y

2、安装libiconv库

下载地址:http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/

[root@Centos tools]# wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.7.tar.gz

–2016-09-20 01:34:01–  http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.7.tar.gz

Resolving ftp.gnu.org… 208.118.235.20, 2001:4830:134:3::b

Connecting to ftp.gnu.org|208.118.235.20|:80… connected.

HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 302 Found

Location: http://113.215.21.31:80/1Q2W3E4R5T6Y7U8I9O0P1Z2X3C4V5B/ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.7.tar.gz [following]

–2016-09-20 01:34:02–  http://113.215.21.31/1Q2W3E4R5T6Y7U8I9O0P1Z2X3C4V5B/ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.7.tar.gz

Connecting to 113.215.21.31:80… connected.

HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 200 OK

Length: 2941046 (2.8M) [application/x-gzip]

Saving to: “libiconv-1.7.tar.gz”

100%[==========================] 2,941,046    979K/s   in 2.9s    

2016-09-20 01:34:07 (979 KB/s) - “libiconv-1.7.tar.gz” saved [2941046/2941046]

解压编译安装

[root@Centos tools]# tar zxf libiconv-1.7.tar.gz 

[root@Centos tools]# cd libiconv-1.7

[root@Centos libiconv-1.7]# ./configure –prefix=/application/libiconv

[root@Centos libiconv-1.7]# echo $?

0

[root@Centos libiconv-1.7]# make

[root@Centos libiconv-1.7]# echo $?

0

[root@Centos libiconv-1.7]# make install

[root@Centos libiconv-1.7]# echo $?

0

三:安装PHP

1、下载PHP软件

[root@Centos ~]# cd /Downloads/tools/

[root@Centos tools]# wget http://mirrors.sohu.com/php/php-5.4.22.tar.gz

–2016-09-19 23:20:34–  http://mirrors.sohu.com/php/php-5.4.22.tar.gz

Resolving mirrors.sohu.com… 221.236.12.140

Connecting to mirrors.sohu.com|221.236.12.140|:80… connected.

HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 302 Found

Location: http://113.215.21.25:80/1Q2W3E4R5T6Y7U8I9O0P1Z2X3C4V5B/mirrors.sohu.com/php/php-5.4.22.tar.gz [following]

–2016-09-19 23:20:39–  http://113.215.21.25/1Q2W3E4R5T6Y7U8I9O0P1Z2X3C4V5B/mirrors.sohu.com/php/php-5.4.22.tar.gz

Connecting to 113.215.21.25:80… connected.

HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 200 OK

Length: 15311831 (15M) [application/octet-stream]

Saving to: “php-5.4.22.tar.gz”

100%[=======================] 15,311,831  1.29M/s   in 12s     

2016-09-19 23:20:51 (1.20 MB/s) - “php-5.4.22.tar.gz” saved [15311831/15311831]

2、解压软件

[root@Centos /]# cd /Downloads/tools/

[root@Centos tools]# tar zxf php-5.4.22.tar.gz

3、编译安装PHP

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# ./configure

–prefix=/application/php-5.4.22

–with-apxs2=/application/apache/bin/apxs

–with-mysql=/application/mysql-5.1.72

–with-xmlrpc

–with-openssl

–with-zlib

–with-freetype-dir

–with-gd

–with-jpeg-dir

–with-png-dir

–with-iconv=/application/libiconv

–enable-short-tags

–enable-sockets

–enable-zend-multibyte

–enable-soap

–enable-mbstring

–enable-static

–enable-gd-native-ttf

–with-curl

–with-xsl

–enable-ftp

–with-libxml-dir

checking for xml2-config path… 

configure: error: xml2-config not found. Please check your libxml2 installation.

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# echo $?     

1

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# yum install libxml2 libxml2-devel -y

重新编译

configure: creating ./config.status

creating main/internal_functions.c

creating main/internal_functions_cli.c

+—————————————–+

| License:                                                           |

|This software is subject to the PHP License, available in this|

| distribution in the file LICENSE.  By continuing this installation |

| process, you are bound by the terms of this license agreement |

| If you do not agree with the terms of this license, you must abort |

| the installation process at this poin|

+—————————————–+

Thank you for using PHP.

config.status: creating php5.spec

config.status: creating main/build-defs.h

config.status: creating scripts/phpize

config.status: creating scripts/man1/phpize.1

config.status: creating scripts/php-config

config.status: creating scripts/man1/php-config.1

config.status: creating sapi/cli/php.1

config.status: creating sapi/cgi/php-cgi.1

config.status: creating ext/phar/phar.1

config.status: creating ext/phar/phar.phar.1

config.status: creating main/php_config.h

config.status: executing default commands

configure: WARNING: unrecognized options: –enable-zend-multibyte

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# echo $?

0

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# make

……………………………………中间内容省略

Build complete.

Don’t forget to run ‘make test’.

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# make install

……………………………………中间内容省略

Installing PEAR environment:      /application/php-5.4.22/lib/php/

[PEAR] Archive_Tar    - installed: 1.3.11

[PEAR] Console_Getopt - installed: 1.3.1

warning: pear/PEAR requires package “pear/Structures_Graph” (recommended version 1.0.4)

warning: pear/PEAR requires package “pear/XML_Util” (recommended version 1.2.1)

[PEAR] PEAR           - installed: 1.9.4

Wrote PEAR system config file at: /application/php-5.4.22/etc/pear.conf

You may want to add: /application/php-5.4.22/lib/php to your php.ini include_path

[PEAR] Structures_Graph- installed: 1.0.4

[PEAR] XML_Util       - installed: 1.2.1

/Downloads/tools/php-5.4.22/build/shtool install -c ext/phar/phar.phar /application/php-5.4.22/bin

ln -s -f /application/php-5.4.22/bin/phar.phar /application/php-5.4.22/bin/phar

Installing PDO headers:          /application/php-5.4.22/include/php/ext/pdo/

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# echo $?

0

四:配置PHP

1、建立一个软链接

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# ln -s /application/php-5.4.22 /application/php

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# ls -l /application/php

lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 23 Sep 20 02:27 /application/php - /application/php-5.4.22

2、查看配置文件

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# ls php.ini*

php.ini-development  php.ini-production

将配置文件放到安装路径下

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# cp php.ini-production /application/php/lib/php.ini

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# ls /application/php/lib/php.ini

/application/php/lib/php.ini

3、配置Apache服务支持PHP

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# cd /application/apache/conf/

[root@Centos conf]# ls

1.txt  b.log  extra  httpd.conf  httpd.conf.0918  httpd.conf.2016-09-09  httpd.conf.bak  index.html  magic  mime.types  original

[root@Centos conf]# cp httpd.conf httpd.conf.20160920

[root@Centos conf]# vi httpd.conf

可以查看下安装文件里面关于配置支持PHP的描述

[root@Centos php-5.4.22]# grep x-httpd-php .php INSTALL 

grep: .php: No such file or directory

INSTALL: AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml

INSTALL: AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

INSTALL: AddType application/x-httpd-php .php

INSTALL: SetHandler application/x-httpd-php

INSTALL: SetHandler application/x-httpd-php

INSTALL: SetHandler application/x-httpd-php-source

INSTALL:RewriteRule (.*.php)s$ $1 [H=application/x-httpd-php-source]

INSTALL:type=magnus-internal/x-httpd-php exts=php

INSTALL:Service fn=”php4_execute” type=”magnus-internal/x-httpd-php” [inikey=value inike

INSTALL:Object name=”x-httpd-php”

INSTALL:ObjectType fn=”force-type” type=”magnus-internal/x-httpd-php”

INSTALL:       server  and  assign  it the style x-httpd-php. All files in it will

INSTALL:    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php

INSTALL:    AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

INSTALL:AddType application/x-httpd-php .php

INSTALL:          replace the line AddType application/x-httpd-php .php with:

其实只需要增加如下即可

 # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you

    # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:

    #

    AddType application/x-compress .Z

    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

**    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml**

**    AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps**

修改默认用户

running httpd, as with most system services.

User php

Group php      

默认是 deamon修改成PHP,可自由修改,如果用户不存在,需添加

修改默认首页文件

IfModule dir_module

    DirectoryIndex index.php index.html

/IfModule

默认只有index.html

保存退出后可对比下两个文件看看修改过的内容有哪些

[root@Centos conf]# diff httpd.conf httpd.conf.20160920

160,161c160,161

User php

Group php


User daemon

Group daemon

249c249

DirectoryIndex index.php index.html


DirectoryIndex index.html

378,379d377

AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml

AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

五:测试配置

检查Apache语法与重启服务

[root@Centos conf]# /application/apache/bin/apachectl -t

AH00543: httpd: bad user name php

[root@Centos conf]# useradd php -s /sbin/nologin -M

[root@Centos conf]# /application/apache/bin/apachectl -t

Syntax OK

[root@Centos conf]# /application/apache/bin/apachectl  graceful

查看进程与端口

[root@Centos conf]# lsof -i tcp:80

COMMAND   PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME

httpd 1866 root 4u IPv6 14604   0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)

httpd 20498  php 4u  IPv6  14604  0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)

httpd 20499 php 4u  IPv6  14604  0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)

httpd 20500 php 4u  IPv6  14604   0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)

[root@Centos conf]# ps -ef|grep http

root  1866  1  0 02:22 ?  00:00:00 /application/apache2.4.23/bin/httpd -k start

php  20498 1866  0 03:05 ?  00:00:00 /application/apache2.4.23/bin/httpd -k start

php  20499  1866  0 03:05 ?  0:00:00 /application/apache2.4.23/bin/httpd -k start

php  20500  1866  0 03:05 ?  00:00:00 /application/apache2.4.23/bin/httpd -k start

root  20584  2091  0 03:05 pts/0  00:00:00 grep http

PHP会向httpd.conf添加模块

[root@Centos conf]# grep php httpd.conf

LoadModule php5_module   modules/libphp5.so

User php

Group php

    DirectoryIndex index.php index.html

    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml

    AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

由于之前配置Apache 服务器配置了虚拟主机,所以现在访问默认站点目录肯定访问不了,所以在主配置文件中将虚拟主机功能暂时注释掉

[root@Centos conf]# grep httpd-vhosts /application/apache/conf/httpd.conf

Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

[root@Centos conf]# sed -i ‘s#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf##Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf#g’  /application/apache/conf/httpd.conf

[root@Centos conf]# grep httpd-vhosts /application/apache/conf/httpd.conf

#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

[root@Centos conf]# /application/apache/bin/apachectl -t

Syntax OK

[root@Centos conf]# /application/apache/bin/apachectl  graceful

[root@Centos conf]# cd /application/apache/htdocs/

[root@Centos htdocs]# vi index.php

?php

phpinfo();

?

本地客户端浏览输入http://192.168.1.2

LAMP架构应用实战——PHP环境安装配置 LAMP架构应用实战——PHP环境安装配置 长按关注微信公众号——友侃有笑
本人花费半年的时间总结的《Java面试指南》已拿腾讯等大厂offer,已开源在github ,欢迎star!

转载声明:转载请注明出处,本技术博客是本人原创文章

本文GitHub https://github.com/OUYANGSIHAI/JavaInterview 已收录,这是我花了6个月总结的一线大厂Java面试总结,本人已拿大厂offer,欢迎star

原文链接:blog.ouyangsihai.cn >> LAMP架构应用实战——PHP环境安装配置


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